Cancer in Men

Cancer in Men

Prostate Cancercancer_men

More than 40,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Prostate cancer can grow either extremely slowly or very quickly. Some men may live symptom-free for a lifetime, despite having this cancer.

The prostate is a small gland in the pelvis found only in men. It makes the fluid part of semen. Prostate cancer does not usually cause any symptoms until the cancer has grown or spread. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by taking a biopsy (a small tissue sample of the prostate gland). Some men may be advised to delay having treatment if the tumor is very slow growing. Others may want to have surgery to remove the entire prostate (radical prostatectomy). Treatment may offer the best chance of cure but it can cause serious side effects including impotence and incontinence.

Screening for prostate cancer comes down to digital rectal exam and PSA testing. The higher the PSA level in the blood, the more likely a prostate problem is present. But many factors, such as age and race, as well as infections or an enlarged prostate (benign hypertrophy) can affect and complicate PSA levels. A Gleason score tells doctors how likely your cancer is to spread. The score ranges from 2–10. The lower the score, the less likely it is that the cancer will spread.

For more information, visit the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Prostate Cancer.External Web Site Icon

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and the second most diagnosed cancer in men in the United States. In 2008, 14% of all cancer diagnoses and 28% of all cancer deaths were due to lung cancer. Lung cancer begins in the lungs and may spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain. Lung cancers usually are grouped into two main types called small cell and non-small cell. These types of lung cancer grow differently and are treated differently. Non-small cell lung cancer is more common than small cell lung cancer.

Cigarette smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer. Different people have different symptoms for lung cancer. Some people have symptoms related to the lungs. Some people whose lung cancer has spread to other parts of the body (metastasized) have symptoms specific to that part of the body. Some people just have general symptoms of not feeling well. Most people with lung cancer don’t have symptoms until the cancer is advanced. Lung cancer symptoms may include: Coughing that gets worse or doesn’t go away; chest pain; shortness of breath; wheezing; coughing up blood; feeling very tired all the time (fatigue); and weight loss with no known cause. Other changes that can sometimes occur with lung cancer may include repeated bouts of pneumonia and swollen or enlarged lymph nodes (glands) inside the chest in the area between the lungs.

Colon Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men. It is a cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. The colon is the large intestine or large bowel. The rectum is the passageway that connects the colon to the anus. Colon cancer affects of all racial and ethnic groups, and is most often found in people aged 50 years or older. Colorectal cancer is the second leading cancer killer in the United States. It is felt that screening for colon cancer may prevent as many as 60% of deaths from colon cancer. Screening can find precancerous polyps—abnormal growths in the colon or rectum—so that they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure.

About 9 out of every 10 people whose colon cancer is found early and treated are still alive five years later. Colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer don’t always cause symptoms, especially at first. Someone could have polyps or colorectal cancer and not know it. If there are symptoms, they may include: Blood in or on your stool (bowel movement; stomach pain, aches, or cramps that don’t stop; and, unexplained weight loss.

Pancreatic and Liver Cancer

Pancreatic cancer and Liver Cancer are killer cancers in men. Pancreatic Cancer alone will kill 38,460 of the 45,220 people who are diagnosed with it in 2013 in the US. The pancreas and liver are important organs. The pancreas is a gland that makes insulin and other hormones while the liver produces bile to aid digestion and cleans the body.

While genetics and lifestyle (ie. smoking and obesity) play a role, early detection of pancreatic and liver cancers are important. Early cancers of the pancreas and liver often do not cause symptoms. When the cancer grows larger, you may notice one or more of these common symptoms: Dark urine, pale stools, and yellow skin and eyes from jaundice; Pain in the upper part of your belly; Pain in the middle part of your back that does not go away when you shift your position; Nausea and vomiting;  and stools that float in the toilet.  Liver cancer may cause no or only general symptoms: Weakness or feeling very tired; Loss of appetite or feelings of fullness; Weight loss for no known reason. At this time, cancer of the pancreas can be cured only when it’s found at an early stage (before it has spread) and even then, only if surgery can completely remove the tumor. For people who are not surgical candidates or who are diagnosed late, the only treatment is palliative. Similarly, liver cancer has an overall 5-year survival rate of around 15%.

As a general rule, the earlier a cancer diagnosis can be made, the better. While there are exceptions, the majority of cancers demonstrate a response to chemotherapy, radiation therapy and/or surgery. Any delay in the diagnosis of cancer can rob a patient of treatment options and increase the potential for metastasis (spread) of cancer while shortening the lifespan of the patient. The Lewis Law Firm can help determine if there was a late diagnosis of cancer in your case.

If you believe that you or a loved one was the victim of a late diagnosis of cancer, please contact the Lewis Law Firm today. For more information on Cancer in Men read the Lewis Law Firm blog.

For More Cancer Information and Resources Look Here:

American Cancer Society

National Cancer Institute

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